However, in terms of concrete politics – of struggle and Job Function Email List conquest of power – the first wave of the Latin American left lasted until the 1960s. Without entering into discussions about the leftist character or not of twentieth- century populism , It can be affirmed that it was only with the triumph of another revolution, in this case strictly Latin American, the Cuban Revolution of 1959, that the Job Function Email List regional left would acquire ascending momentum and universal fame. «The Cuban Revolution – summed up Eric Hobsbawm's appeal – had it all. Romantic spirit, heroism in the mountains, former student leaders with the selfless generosity of their youth – the oldest was barely over 30 – and a jubilant town Job Function Email List in a tropical tourist paradise that beat to the rhythm of rumba.
With Cuba as a magnet, revolutionary trials multiplied throughout Job Function Email List Latin America. If on the one hand it is true that Ernesto "Che" Guevara's foquismo failed everywhere it was attempted, with the death of the Argentine guerrilla at the hands of an unknown Bolivian sergeant as a tragic symbol, it is also true that the revolutionary wave would practically cover throughout the region, with more widespread movements in those countries with a Job Function Email List rural population where the agrarian component of the insurgency would prevail over the urban one. Urban guerrillas, it is known, are easier to organize, to the extent that the anonymity of the city does not require the support of the local population for them to Job Function Email List prosper (it is enough with organization and resources) and they also allow spectacular propaganda coups, but often, and for these same reasons, they die quickly.farc ) and the Central American guerrillas.
The political-theoretical discussion of the Job Function Email List left in the 1960s and 1970s was organized around the reform-revolution tension, between those who defended gradual and electoral paths, which included negotiating a compromise with bourgeois forces and Job Function Email List populism, and those who promoted total change by armed means. The paradox is that the beacon of this first great impulse of the Latin American left was Cuba, but its model of taking power was not successfully replicated by any other guerrilla movement in the region. In fact, the other experience clearly identified Job Function Email List with the left that came to power in those years did so through a completely different path.